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The Impact of Trade Liberalization on Import Demand

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 D. Thomakos and M.Ulubasoglu, Journal of Economic and Social Research, 2002, vol. 4:1, pp. 1-26. In this paper, we empirically analyze the effects of trade reforms on import demand and derive their implications on economic development in Turkey, a country that underwent sudden and substantial trade liberalization in the mid-1980s.  The tool for this analysis is the estimation of disaggregated import demand elasticities.  The …

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The Impact of Trade Liberalization on Import Demand

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(with D. Thomakos), Journal of Economic and Social Research, 2002, vol. 4:1, pp. 1-26. In this paper, we empirically analyze the effects of trade reforms on import demand and derive their implications on economic development in Turkey, a country that underwent sudden and substantial trade liberalization in the mid-1980s.  The tool for this analysis is the estimation of disaggregated import demand elasticities.  The …

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Protection for Sale In A Developing Country: Democracy vs. Dictatorship

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D. Mitra, D. Thomakos and M.Ulubasoglu, August 2002, Review of Economics and Statistics, 84(3), pp. 497-508. For a “genuine” small open economy, that has experienced both dictatorship and democracy, we find support for the predictions of the Grossman-Helpman (1994) “Protection for Sale” model. In contrast to previous studies, we use various protection measures (including tariffs, the direct measure of the theoretical model) and …

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Protection versus Promotion: An Empirical Investigation

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 D. Mitra, D. Thomakos and M.Ulubasoglu, Economics and Politics, July 2004, vol. 16, n.2, pp. 147-162. Using Turkish industry-level data from 1983 to 1990, we find that politically organized industries receive both higher protection and promotion than unorganized ones. Tariff rates are decreasing (increasing) in the import-penetration ratio and the absolute value of the import-demand elasticity for organized (unorganized) industries. Subsidy rates are decreasing …

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Zipf`s Law Strikes Again: The Case of Tourism

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 (with B. Hazari), Journal of Economic Geography, August 2004, vol. 4, n.4. pp. 459-472. This paper examines the applicability of Zipf’s Law to tourism.  It is established that a variation of this law holds in this case – a rank-size rule with concavity.  Due to this non-linearity, it is shown that a spline regression provides an extremely convenient tool for predicting tourist …

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Can we Obtain Realistic Parameter Estimates for the Protection for Sale Model?

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 D. Mitra, D. Thomakos and M.Ulubasoglu, Canadian Journal of Economics, February 2006, vol. 39, n. 1, pp. 187-210. In the Grossman and Helpman (1994) model of endogenous trade protection, sectoral lobbies try to influence an incumbent government that maximizes a weighted sum of political contributions and aggregate welfare. We empirically investigate this model using U.S. and Turkish data. Our specification is more tightly tied …

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Economic Freedom and Economic Growth: Does Specification Make a Difference?

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C. Doucouliagos and M.Ulubasoglu, European Journal of Political Economy, March 2006, vol. 22, n.1, pp. 60-81. In this paper we apply meta-analytic techniques to the literature on the impact of economic freedom on economic growth and find an overall positive direct association between economic freedom and economic growth. A positive indirect effect of economic freedom on economic growth through the stimulation of …

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Institutions and Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction: The Role of Private Sector Development

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D. Mitra, R. Hasan and M.Ulubasoglu. Asian Development Review, 2007, v. 24, n.1, pp. 69-116. In this paper, we study the effects of institutions and policies on economic growth and poverty, paying close attention to institutions and policies that relate to the overall climate and regulations under which the private sector operates. We find that good governance, as measured by a strong commitment …

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International Comparisons of Rural-Urban Educational Attainment: Data and Determinants

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International Comparisons of Rural-Urban Educational Attainment: Data and Determinants (with B. Cardak), European Economic Review, October 2007, v. 51, n.7, pp. 1828-1857. We study cross-country differences in rural and urban educational attainment by using a data set comprising 56 countries. We focus on the determinants of rural-urban educational inequality, which is measured by the ratio of rural to urban average years of …