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What Underlies Weak States? The Role of Terrain Ruggedness

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 P. Jimenez-Ayora and M.Ulubasoglu, European Journal of Political Economy, September 2015, v. 39, pp. 167-183. This article documents terrain ruggedness as an underlying cause of lack of state capacity. The paper contends that rugged topography poses significant costs to cooperation among the constituent groups within the state. This problem then translates into inability to commit to policies and under-provision of public …